- Participants in the 2016 Palynology Workshop identifying pollen samples with the aid of a microscope. Over the workshop’s three days, participants learned how to use pollen data in their own historical research.
- Climate Change and History Research Initiative Newsletter Spring 2016
- Tree coring is not something you see on campus every day, but it was a critical exercise for the participants of a recent workshop on dendroclimatology, the science of determining past climate from trees. Read more >>
- Lake Ilopango, a possible source of global atmospheric clouding c.540, as seen from Santiago Texacuangos, El Salvador.
- The Mongolian-Manchurian grassland ecoregion, also known as the Mongolian-Manchurian steppe, in the temperate grassland Biome, is found in Mongolia, the Chinese Autonomous region of Inner Mongolia and northeastern China.
- Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard: Workers on the field (down) and pay time (up), Byzantine Gospel of 11th century.
A comparative approach to climate, environment and society in Eurasia: towards understanding the impact of climate on complex societies
This interdisciplinary project investigates the impact of climatic changes across the last two millennia on societies in two environmentally sensitive areas:
- The eastern Mediterranean basin (including the Balkans, Anatolia and the Near and Middle East).
- The eastern Eurasian steppe, in particular Mongolia and the regions north of China.
The main foci of the project are (1) the differential impacts of climate and environmental change on society and state formation and (2) the impact of human society and polities on the environment.
Two keywords embody the principles upon which the project is founded: consilience and resilience. The former reflects current efforts to integrate natural scientific with social scientific research techniques, methodologies and philosophies in a common effort; the latter reflects the leitmotif of the project, which is to investigate the ways in which climate and environmental stress has impacted on social, economic, political and cultural systems and the illustration of the outcomes of these impacts. The aims are thus:
- Through a detailed historical analysis of the regions in question to expand understanding of societal transformation and environmental evolution.
- Through the integration of social and natural science approaches to generate new methodologies through which to approach these issues and to generate new questions.
The project thus generates a model of historical-evolutionary change through the development of an integrated and comprehensive approach. As noted already, the keyword is socio-cultural resilience, an understanding of the mechanisms underlying which is essential for insight into contemporary environmental change and the possibilities for future planning and policy.
The principles of consilience and resilience have permeated our efforts so far: three multidisciplinary colloquia, eleven public lectures, and two introductory workshops for historians on the sciences of dendroclimatology and palynology.